The thyroid is a small gland in the neck with a diameter of about 5 centimeters, with a butterfly shape, and is located just below the skin and weighs only 30 grams. Since it produces only hormones, it affects the metabolic processes in the organism.
In the world approximately 250 million people are diagnosed or treated of thyroid disease, and they vary from harmless enlargement of this gland which manifests with swallowing problems, coughing or feeling a pressure, to cancer.
“If we talk about functional imbalances, thyroid disorders and thyroid work we can distinguish two states: hypothyroidism or decreased thyroid function and hyperthyroidism or increased thyroid function,”
Symptoms of increased thyroid function
The patient feels increased heart rate, the patient generates heat a lot, and that is why the patient is constantly hot, it sweats, and it has sensitive hearing, suffers from occasional depression and sadness, has trouble sleeping and running. Due to these symptoms the patient can suddenly lose weight.
Symptoms of reduced thyroid function
“Patients are prone to weight gain, they are not active and they are prone to depression, have a poor quality hair, skin and nails,”
In addition to weight gain, hypothyroidism usually is characterized by a strong fatigue, loss of interest and initiative. As it progresses, the patient may have anemia, hypothermia, heart failure, seizures, and it also manifests with a poor metabolism.
For the synthesis of thyroid hormones you need iodine (about 50 milligrams per year), and we get it mostly from the food. Foods that are beneficial for thyroid function are carrots, spinach, apricots, asparagus, olive oil, sunflower seeds, bananas and fish oil.